Regularity of cardiac rhythm as a marker of sleepiness in sleep disordered breathing.

Guaita M, Melia U, Vallverdú M, Caminal P, Vilaseca I, Montserrat JM, Gaig C, Salamero M, Santamaria J. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 10;10(4):e0122645. eCollection 2015.

AIM: The present study aimed to analyse the autonomic nervous system activity using heart rate variability (HRV) to detect sleep disordered breathing (SDB) patients with and without excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) before sleep onset.
METHODS: Two groups of 20 patients with different levels of daytime sleepiness -sleepy group, SG; alert group, AG- were selected consecutively from a Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) and Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) research protocol. The first waking 3-min window of RR signal at the beginning of each nap test was considered for the analysis. HRV was measured with traditional linear measures and with time-frequency representations. Non-linear measures -correntropy, CORR; auto-mutual-information function, AMIF- were used to describe the regularity of the RR rhythm. Statistical analysis was performed with non-parametric tests.
RESULTS: Non-linear dynamic of the RR rhythm was more regular in the SG than in the AG during the first wakefulness period of MSLT, but not during MWT. AMIF (in high-frequency and in Total band) and CORR (in Total band) yielded sensitivity > 70%, specificity >75% and an area under ROC curve > 0.80 in classifying SG and AG patients.
CONCLUSION: The regularity of the RR rhythm measured at the beginning of the MSLT could be used to detect SDB patients with and without EDS before the appearance of sleep onset.

Ventana Científica. Diciembre 2015. Artículo 66
Regularity of cardiac rhythm as a marker of sleepiness in sleep disordered breathing.


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