Prothrombotic state in children with obstructive sleep apnea

Prothrombotic state in children with obstructive sleep apnea

Barceló AMorell-Garcia DSanchís PPeña-Zarza JABauça JMPiérola JPeña MToledo-Pons NGiménez PRibot CAlonso-Fernández A. Sleep Med. 2018 Oct 13;53:101-105.


OBJECTIVE: Increased blood coagulation might be one important mechanism linking obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with cardiovascular diseases. We tested the association between several hemostatic parameters and sleep breathing-related variables in a representative pediatric population with a clinical suspicion of OSA.

METHODS: Polysomnography was performed in 152 snoring children to diagnose OSA. Anthropometric and clinical data were registered and venous blood samples were collected for the measurement of platelet count, plateletcrit, platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen and C-reactive protein.

RESULTS: Children with OSA had significantly higher platelet count, plateletcrit and PDW compared with those without OSA. After controlling for the anthropometric characteristics (age, gender, body mass index (BMI) z-score), platelet count negatively correlated with minimum SaO2 while the plateletcrit correlated with time with SaO2 <90% and MPV correlated with apnea-hypopnea index. PT and PT international normalized ratio correlated with mean SaO2 and aPTT correlated with the oxygen desaturation index. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that different OSA-related effects may be factors contributing to an enhanced coagulability in pediatric OSA. Measures reflecting apnea severity and disrupted sleep were associated with clotting factor changes independent of covariates affecting hemostatic function.


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