Circulating branched-chain amino acids in children with obstructive sleep apnea

Circulating branched-chain amino acids in children with obstructive sleep apnea

Barceló ABauça JMPeña-Zarza JAMorell-Garcia DYáñez APérez GPiérola JToledo Nde la Peña M. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2017 Aug;52(8):1085-1091.


INTRODUCTION: The effects of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the metabolic system are not well understood, especially in children. Recent studies have provided evidence of the modulation of insulin action by branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and suggested novel mechanistic relationships between glucose and amino acid metabolic pathways. We hypothesized that plasma BCAA levels may serve as biomarkers of insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction in children with OSA. METHODS: A polysomnography was conducted for the diagnosis of OSA in 90 snoring children, in a tertiary hospital. Anthropometric and clinical data were measured and venous blood samples were collected for the measurement of plasma glucose, insulin, HbA1c, and amino acids.

RESULTS: Children with OSA had significantly higher levels of BCAAs (leucine, isoleucine, and total BCAAs) compared with those without OSA (P = 0.024). A positive significant correlation was observed between insulin levels and both leucine and isoleucine (r = 0.232; P < 0.05). On multivariate regression analyses, the presence of OSA was significantly associated with leucine, isoleucine, and total BCAA concentrations (P = 0.028), whereas the arousal index was associated with leucine, valine, and total BCAA levels (P = 0.037).

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of OSA and sleep fragmentation may induce changes in branched-chain amino acid metabolism in snoring children, independently of obesity. These data may suggest a new mechanism linking OSA and glucose homeostasis.




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