Sleep Apnea and Driving. Recommendations for Interpreting Spanish Regulations for Drivers

Terán-Santos J, Egea Santaolalla C, Montserrat JM,  Masa Jiménez F, Librada Escribano MV, Mirabet E, Valdés Rodríguez E. Bronconeumol. 2016 Dec 27.

Abstract

Road traffic accidents are one of the main causes of death worldwide and are clearly associated with sleepiness. Individuals with undiagnosed sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) are among the population with a high risk of experiencing sleepiness at the wheel and, consequently, road traffic accidents. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to reduce the risk of accidents among drivers with SAHS. For this reason, the European Union has included this disease in the psychological and physical criteria for obtaining or renewing a driving license. To comply with this European Directive, Spain has updated its driving laws accordingly. To facilitate the implementation of the new regulations, a group of experts from various medical societies and institutions has prepared these guidelines that include questionnaires to screen for SAHS, diagnostic and therapeutic criteria, and physician’s report templates.

Sleep Apnea and Driving. Recommendations for Interpreting Spanish Regulations for Drivers